More then 2 billion dollars were spend on the Iraq War and more then 4.000 American soldiers have been killed. The Republic of Iraq is collapsing, the second largest city of the nation is captured by radical extremists of the ISIL ( Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant ). On 4 June, Islamic forces attacked the city of Mosul. After six days of fighting with police and security forces, the extremists were able to capture the city. More then 500.000 Iraqis fled to the Kurdish Autonomous Region, the only part of Iraq that has been stable since the 2003 invasion. After spending 2 billion dollars and losing 4.000+ soldiers, the American project to bring democracy and stability to Iraq can be called: ONE BIG FAILURE!!
Only 139 American soldiers died during the invasion, but more then 4.000 would die between March 2003 and December 2011, in what became known as the Iraq War. American imperialists believed they could install a puppet government, that would mask itself as democratic. In reality the government of Iraq has been very unstable and even moderate Islamic. This is said in the almighty ”democratic” constitution which proclaimed Iraq to a nation governed by the laws of Islam. Since 2006, the leader of the nation is Nouri al-Maliki. He is leader of the Islamic Dawa Party, Shia-Islamic and pro-capitalist!
Under Saddam Hussein, Iraq was a presidential republic. However the new state after 2003, became a parliamentary republic. Nouri al-Maliki was the first stable prime minister to take office. During the period between the collapse of Saddam’s government and the birth of the new pro-USA puppet government, Iraq had more then 12 prime ministers. All were replaced sooner or later. When Al-Maliki became prime minister he made sure he would become the strong man of the government. But he failed in this, Al-Maliki was unable to stop the sectarian violence between Sunni-Muslims and Shia-Muslims. As a Shia-Muslim he stood in opposition to Saddam Hussein who was a Sunni-Muslim. He worked with the USA to overthrow the Iraqi Ba’ath regime in 2003!
The party of al-Maliki is Shia-Islamic and is supported by the Islamic Republic of Iran. This is why Sunni-Islamic extremists like the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant ( ISIL ), oppose the Al-Maliki government. They use sectarian methods to split the Islamic population of Iraq, between Sunni and Shia Muslims. Although the Republic of Iraq is not a pure Islamic state like Iran, they do get financial support from Tehran. The State of Law Coalition is the ruling coalition around Shia-Islamic parties, Al-Maliki’s Islamic Dawa Party is the biggest party in the parliament!
Still Iraq is no democracy, the nation is called NOT FREE by Freedom House, an American group that conducts research and advocacy on democracy, political freedom and human rights. They say that Al-Maliki is ruling like a dictator and is using the state and the police forces against those who oppose him, mainly Sunni-Muslims. Now in June 2014, Sunni-Islamic extremists from the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant ( Syria ), have started their offensive in north Iraq. The ISIL group has been founded in 2006, by radical Sunni-Muslims who want to create a Islamic Caliphate in Iraq. At the height of the Iraq War, it claimed a significant presence in the Iraqi provinces of Al Anbar, Ninawa, Kirkuk, and most of Salah ad Din, and parts of Babil, Diyala, and Baghdad. It claimed Baqubah as its capital. In the ongoing Syrian Civil War, the group has a large presence in the Syrian regions of Ar-Raqqa, Idlib and Aleppo!
In Syria, the ISIL extremists are also in conflict with Sunni-Islamic forces. As sectarianism is not limited to Sunni and Shia Islam, the ISIL and other Syrian Islamic rebels have clashed over many issues. ISIL extremists are theocratic and want to build a Islamic Caliphate in both Syria and Iraq. The rise of the ISIL has strengthen the secular Syrian Ba’ath regime of dictator Bashar Al-Assad. With the Syrian Opposition now dominated by Islamic forces, he plays the role of the lesser evil. Syrians fear the cruelty and theocracy of the ISIL, this is why many have rejoined the Ba’ath camp. This also shows what happens if there is no mass organisation of the working class to lead a revolution. Many opponents of Bashar Al-Assad have joined the Islamic side, because they have weapons and money. This money is paid by Saudi-Arabia and other Arab monarchs. Sunni-Islamic forces are almost all on the payroll of the Saudi monarchy!
George W Bush believed in March 2003, that he could bring democracy to Iraq. The results of his invasion were catastrophic. Iraq is plagued with corruption, sectarian conflicts and capitalist exploitation. In all senses the Republic of Iraq is a failed state much like the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, another American created pseudo-democracy. Western people think they can export democracy, secularism and tolerance. But imperialist nations never want genuine democracy. The USA invaded Iraq because of oil and because Saddam Hussein had outlived his usefulness. Iraq was also needed as a buffer state between Iran and Israel, the biggest ally of American imperialism in the Middle East!
The city of Mosul was the battleground between Iraqi security forces and ISIL extremists. In June 2014, the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant started a major offensive in the northern provinces. Mosul was home to many officers and generals from Saddam Hussein’s era and is also very close to the Kurdish Autonomous Region, called Iraqi Kurdistan. After the invasion by western forces, many sectarian conflicts started in Mosul. By 2009 more then 2.500 Kurdish Iraqis were murdered. More then 40 families were displaced in those six years after the American take over!
On 4 June 2014, ISIL extremists captured the city. Iraqi police and security forces fled, leaving behind many materials such as money, weapons and ammunitions. The city looks like Saigon in April 1975, when North Vietnamese forces took over. Now Mosul is under control of the radical Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Already 500.000 Iraqis have left the city and fled to the Kurdish Autonomous Region. Still 1.300.000 people have remained in Mosul and are now facing the brutality of the ISIL extremists. We revolutionary socialists have no illusions, we know the Sunni-Islamic extremists will enforce a strict theocratic regime. Woman will be second class citizens and under full male chauvinist control. There will be no freedom of speech and no freedom of religion. Shia-Muslims will be hunted and murdered as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant ( Syria ) is Sunni-Islamic and deeply sectarian!
American forces left Iraq in December 2011 under Barack Obama, after losing 4.000+ soldiers. Iraq lost 18.000 army, police and security officers between 2003 and 2011. Civilian loss is at 110.000 Iraqi’s, who died in the conflicts. Now the government has lost the city of Mosul to ISIL extremists. Thanks to American stupidity, Operation Iraqi Freedom resulted in IRAQI NO FREEDOM. The Republic of Iraq is no democracy and not a free nation. Only one winner came out of the war. American capitalists are finally able to get to Iraqi oil. Saddam Hussein prevented this, but since 2003 the oil fields are under control of western oil companies: MISSION ACCOMPLISHED!
Revolutionary socialists call for the creation of a massive workers party, that rejects sectarianism, Islamic dogmatism and capitalism. The Islamic Dawa Party and their Shia-Islamic allies do not care about workers, poor people and the youth. They serve American and Iraqi capitalism. Workers must remove them from power by a socialist revolution. They have nothing to lose, they have a world to win!