Nursultan Äbishuly Nazarbayev, age 73. Former general secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan and second chairman of the National Democratic Party “Nur Otan” since 2007. Also president/dictator of Kazakhstan since 1989. Nazarbayev is a typical post-Stalinist leader. Born in the former USSR, he took power in Kazakhstan in the last years of Stalinist rule. Nazarbayev established a corrupt capitalist regime, that made him very rich. By faking-elections and using the state media against his opponents, Nazarbayev was able to win every elections with ease. The family of the dictator is very wealthy, owning more then 1 billion US dollars in private bank accounts around the world!
Nazarbayev was born in Chemolgan, a rural town near Almaty, when Kazakhstan was one of the republics of the Soviet Union. At the age of 20, he earned a good wage while doing dangerous work in a steel factory. He joined the Communist Party of Kazakhstan in 1962. Like many bureaucrats he cared little for the ideology, but was a loyal party member who worked his way up. In 1984, Nazarbayev then age 44, became prime minister of the Kazakh Socialist Soviet Republic. As prime minister he was however not the true leader of Kazakhstan. Because in the USSR, the leaders of the communist party were more powerful then state leaders. Nursultan Nazarbayev and his supporters fought against other power hungry bureaucrats in classic Stalinist wars. These wars were fought by using deception, lies and personal greed. Nazarbayev was able to use the reforms of Micheal Gorbachev to remove his opponents. On June 22 1989, he was made general secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan, his rise to power was complete!
As stalinism collapsed, Nursultan Nazarbayev supported Boris Yeltsin against the hard-liners inside the Communist Party of the Soviet-Union. When these hard-liners tried a coup in August 1991, the chairman of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan supported Yeltsin and his pro-capitalist democrats. Five months later, Nazarbayev made himself first president of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Finally dropping his ”communist” mask and reviled his true character. The new president claimed his nation would be a ”democracy”. America and Europa believed him and he got international recognition. But his ”democratic” talk was one big lie. In reality Nazarbayev and his family remained in control of Kazakhstan!
The new president showed his dictatorial power, when he ordered the Kazakh Security Forces to break up a demonstration led by the opposition to his regime. Between June 10-14 of 1992, the opposition tried peaceful demonstrations, but they were violently attacked by members of the Security Police. In 1994, Nazarbayev suggested to move the capital from Almaty to Astana. The official shift of the capital happened on December 10, 1997. Two years later, the president created a political party to support his regime. The National Democratic Party called “Nur Otan” is the party of bureaucrats and oligarchs who support the president of Kazakhstan. Being a member of this party has its advantages. Like the old caste of the communist party, “Nur Otan” members enjoy privileges because of their party membership. The party is able to win every election, because the family of Nursultan Nazarbayev controls the media and key sectors of the economy!
During the Stalinist era, Nursultan Nazarbayev was a Atheist and opposed religion. But after 1991, he became a Muslim and supports Sunni-Islam. Like most capitalist oligarchs, he made his fortune by taking over parts of the national economy. This is how the family Nazarbayev made their fortune, by stealing millions from the Kazakh workers. Even his three daughters are very rich, although woman in Kazakhstan are not treated as equals. The collapse of the Soviet-Union caused a sharp decline in Kazakhstan’s GDP. But thanks to oil profits the economy recovered very fast and by 2000 its was back on its pre-1991 level. Today more the 56% of all exports in Kazakhstan are based on the selling of oil!
Internationally, the Nazarbayev regime choose to support all major powers. Both Russia and the United States were allies of the corrupt dictator. Kazakhstan was an ally of George W Bush and Nazarbayev visited the White House to meet with the US president. Vice president Dick Cheney even visited Kazakhstan himself and laughing with Nazarbayev, the man who uses torture methods on prisoners and who’s human rights record is very poor. Yet this did not matters to the Bush regime. They supported Nazarbayev, because they needed his oil. This is why we see George W Bush and Dick Cheney laughing with Nazarbayev in front of the camera’s. America is quick to judge nations who oppose US imperialism. But dictatorships who were supportive of the USA remain praised!
In 2011, oil workers rose up against the capitalist dictator and his oligarchy. These workers were soon confronted by bullets from the Kazakh Security Police. They killed 14 workers and wounded more then 100. Still the capitalist world did noting to aid the workers who rose up. Former leader of the British Labour Party; Tony Blair became an advisor of Nursultan Nazarbayev for 13 million dollars, Blair sold himself to the dictator. But it became clear that Nazarbayev did not listen to his new advisor. Because he kept his dictatorship running, jailing members of Socialist Resistance Kazakhstan, a new revolutionary party founded by oil workers and revolutionary socialists!
Prominent members of Socialist Resistance Kazakhstan include Ainur Kurmanov and Esenbek Ukteshbayev, leaders of the independent Kazakh trade union ‘Zhanartu’, currently in exile. Along with other members of Socialist Resistance Kazakhstan, both have been subject to arbitrary imprisonment and attempts on their lives when within Kazakhstan. This is how Nazarbayev’s dictatorship works. The Security Police will arrest people and keep they in jail for a long time, win out formal charges or a court hearing. If victims go to court, they are called ”dangerous to the state” and jailed for years. This happend to Vadim Kuramshin, a human rights activist. Kuramshin is a well-known lawyer and prisoner’s rights defender, who has worked to publicise the ill-treatment of prisoners in Kazakhstan, including in prison colony EC 164/4 where he is currently detained. He was arrested by the corrupt Nazarbayev regime for supporting workers and jailed for 12 years!
Together with Uzbek dictator Islom Abdug‘aniyevich Karimov, Nursultan Nazarbayev is among the oldest leaders of the former Soviet-Union. He is longer in power then ”Czar” Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation. Karimov and Nazarbayev were both Stalinist leaders, when they made a turn towards nationalism and capitalism. Both claim to be democratic and freely elected as presidents. But reality is different, both Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan are dictatorial nations, yet few people in the western world know this. The western media keeps silent about the dictatorships that were created after the collapse of stalinism. We are told ”democratic” success stories in the Baltic states, were the collapse of ”communism” led to democracy and ”freedom”. But the capitalist media does not tell us the story of Nazarbayev and his oligarchs. Because that would destroy the western illusion, that capitalism brought democracy to Central Asia!