Africa has undergo economic growth. By opening up their markets to western capitalists, some African nations have indeed grown. But the cost is terrible, mass inequality is the result of deregulation and privatizations, yet the ones in power are those who claimed to be anti-capitalist in the 1960’s/1970’s. From the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola to the Mozambique Liberation Front, the African National Congress (South Africa) and the Party of the Revolution (Tanzania). All of them once claimed to stand for a system of socialism and rejected the western capitalist model. By 2018 however, all of them betrayed their socialist ideology and now embrace neoliberalism and capitalism. In a way they are the parties of the ruling class, which makes them right-wing!
African workers have been betrayed by parties like MPLA (Angola), FRELIMO (Mozambique), ANC (South Africa) and CCM (Tanzania). The president of Angola until last year was José Eduardo dos Santos, who ruled from 1979 to 2017. Because of massive fraud the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) is able to win all elections. Angola is not a democracy, despite the changes of 1992 which allowed for a multiparty democracy to be build. The ex-Stalinist MPLA however never intended to play fair or democratic. Their members have used the state to intimidate and imprison democracy activists and those critical of MPLA rule. Between 1956 and 1991, the party was loyal to Marxism-Leninism (Stalinism). It fought a brutal civil war with the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), which was supported by the United States for its anticommunism. As the end of stalinism came closer, the MPLA abandoned its socialist facade and embraced ”social democracy” (officially) as its new ideology. All references to Marx and Lenin were silently removed from the party’s history books. President José Eduardo dos Santos then embraced the IMF and the World Bank. Next to being the absolute ruler he is also a capitalist exploiter, owning a lot of companies who grew very fast in the 1990’s as a result of economic liberalization. Working class Angolans however suffer poverty. 68% is reported to be living below the poverty line of less then two dollars a day!
The People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola today plays on populism and its role as a national liberation party to stay in power. They also use fear and intimidation as weapons against any criticism. Anybody who does not support the MPLA is called a ”traitor” and will find it difficult to find work. In 2017, the president announced that he would resign as state leader. João Manuel Gonçalves Lourenço was selected by him to be the next Angolan president. However this does not mean that Angola is free from Santos, as he remains chairman of the MPLA . Also his children are holding vital government positions, making the Santos family very powerful. This nepotism is very common in Africa. The new president is educated in the USSR. He used to study at the Lenin Higher Academy, where he furthered his military training and completed a master’s degree in Historical Sciences. Despite calling himself a loyal ”Marxist-Leninist”, João Lourenço today is a typical corrupt capitalist leader. It proofs the complete betrayal of socialist principals by the MPLA. During the civil war with UNITA, the People’s Republic of Angola was supported by Fidel Castro. It is ironic that the Cubans ordered many of their soldiers to fight and die for a party that betrayed Marxism as soon as the Cold War was over. After the Angolan stalinists became ”social democrats” (in name only) they renamed the nation into Republic of Angola and removed all socialist references from the constitution. Today only the flag and emblem are remnants of what the MPLA claimed to support, a socialist Angola!
Socialism plays no role in Angola. It never has in the period of the people’s republic and certainly does not today, in the era of Angolan capitalism. Despite the massive socialist propaganda in the past against the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), the MPLA today is a corrupt bourgosie party. They support only themselves and the new capitalist class, which is made up of people like José Eduardo dos Santos and João Manuel Gonçalves Lourenço. All genuine socialists must fully reject the MPLA as a party of class traitors. However the former class enemy of this national liberation party is now suddenly very friendly. The criminal USA (who provided arms to the anticommunists of UNITA) is now supportive of the Angolan government. They dumped the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola as soon as the MPLA embraced capitalism and austerity. Because of its massive human rights abuses, the Angolan government under Santos hired a U.S company to lobby inside American politics. 675,000 dollars were paid each year to Samuels International Associates starting in 2008. In return this company would improve Angola’s global image and facilitate meetings with senior U.S. officials. This is how the corrupt MPLA got America on its side, by paying money to lobbyists. Revolutionary socialists are not surprised. Until 1991, the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola relied on the USSR for weapons and financial support. After the Stalinist empire collapsed, they needed new allies. The IMF was to be that new ally and José Eduardo dos Santos was willing to betray the whole ideology on which the struggle against colonialism and imperialism was based on!
Another class traitor in line is Joaquim Chissano, former president of Mozambique between 1986 and 2005. Like that corrupt scum in Angola, Chissano hails from a party much like the MPLA. Mozambique and Angola used to be Portuguese colonies until 1975. The national liberation parties had to fight almost 20 years to gain independence. In the 1950’s, Portugal was a right-wing dictatorship (supported by the USA). It was led by António de Oliveira Salazar. This far-right conservative dictator had much in common with Franco, but he was less a fascist. Unlike fascism in Italy or nazism in Germany, Salazar was a traditionalist, who supported the Portuguese capitalist class and loved the Catholic Church. Between 1932 and 1975, the regime he founded was named Estado Novo (New State). However after Salazar died in 1968, the Estado Novo started to crumble. On 25 April 1975, the Portuguese army staged a coup and ended the legacy of Salazar. Socialism could have been build as the military was not hostile to this idea. However both the socialist party and communist party were too sectarian. The socialists refused to carry out a revolution and the communists saw themselves as the only genuine revolutionary force. Angola and Mozambique were given their independence. The Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) founded the People’s Republic of Mozambique, a Stalinist single party state!
Like many African stalinists, FRELIMO believed that they could build socialism in one country. Those who criticized their brutal methods were arrested and jailed as ”counterrevolutionaries”. Over 300.000 white Portuguese left the country as they feared the revolutionary politics of FRELIMO. This resulted in the fact that Mozambique lost the only group of people who had any knowledge on how to run a nation. The black working class was backward and not educated by the whites. FRELIMO knew how to fight a guerrilla war, but its members were not intellectuals who could teach. Their incompetence and mismanagement of the economy alienated many workers and peasants. It resulted in the formation of the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO). This anticommunist resistance movement received public and military support from the two biggest racist nations of Africa: South Africa and Rhodesia. These white supremacist countries supported RENAMO because of its anticommunism. Those who fought for the Mozambican National Resistance did not seem to care that they got their weapons from regimes that regarded blacks as inferior. Meanwhile the civil war between communists and anticommunists was brutal, over 500.000 are reported to have died between 1975 and 1990. Both FRELIMO and RENAMO committed massive crimes like mass killing, rape and mutilation of non-combatants during terrorist raids on villages and towns, the use of child soldiers, forced labour and sexual violence!
In 1986, the plane of FRELIMO leader Samora Machel crashed. Machel was the first president of Mozambique and a strong believer in Marxism-Leninism (Stalinism). His death resulted in the rise of Joaquim Chissano, who was willing to betray the Marxist-Leninist line of the party. By the late 1980’s, Chissano and the Mozambique Liberation Front came to see the ideas of Marx and Lenin as ”outdated for the contemporary world”. With the collapse of the Soviet-Union and the end of Apartheid on the horizon, FRELIMO and RENAMO agreed on ending the civil war. A new constitution removed all socialist references. The People’s Republic Mozambique was to become the Republic of Mozambique. At the same time the Mozambique Liberation Front started to rewrite its own history books. Their struggle against Portuguese colonialism was already heavily mythologized, now the party’s leadership wanted all memories of Marxism-Leninism (Stalinism) gone. The new history of FRELIMO told of a national liberation party that fought the Portuguese and gave Mozambique its independence, the whole part about socialism was scrapped. Joaquim Chissano then made ”social democracy” (officially) the new ideology on paper. Because by 1990, FRELIMO had capitulated to international capitalism. Chissano was supported by Margret Thatcher and the western imperialist world for his rejection of communist ideas!
FRELIMO won the first multiparty elections in 1994. However like Angola, the nation has not become a true democracy. This is because the ruling Mozambique Liberation Front keeps up a facade, elections are not fair. Mozambique is however more free compared to Angola. Still this has not resulted in a stable political climate. Chissano left the office of president in 2005. He had finished his work of transforming his nation from a Stalinist state into a capitalist one. For revolutionary socialists there is no doubt, Chissano is a class traitor like Santos of Angola. In 2016, FRELIMO and RENAMO resumed their conflict. 3.000 people fled the country as members of both parties started to fight each other once again. 200 have been killed and 15.000 displaced. In May 2018, Afonso Dhlakama died. He was the leader of the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) since 1979 and the official opposition face. Ossufo Momad (his successor) went into hiding as he fears for his life. Meanwhile the country is led by Filipe Nyusi. He was elected president in 2015. Nyusi is a typical capitalist president, despite coming from a (former) leftist party!
Most western people know very little about Angola and Mozambique. This is because the media of America and Europe gave very little attention to the struggle against Portuguese colonialism and the civil wars. However in South Africa there was much more media attention. This was thanks to Nelson Mandela, the icon of the struggle against Apartheid and leader of the African National Congress (ANC). Mandela used to be a socialist. However by the time he was released by the racist South African government in 1990, he had converted to capitalism. The victory of the ANC at the 1994 elections did not end the massive inequality or poverty among the majority of black workers. Worse, the Mandela period (1994-1998) changed almost nothing for the average black worker. Still they idealized him as their liberator, but only for the period in which he was jailed. Nelson Mandela does not deserve their respect for what he failed to do as president of South Africa. His unwillingness to build socialism resulted in the fact that most whites kept all the wealth of the country. The Freedom Charter of 1955 clearly said that: ”The People Shall Share In The Country’s Wealth”. This included: The banks and monopoly industry shall be transferred to the ownership of the people as a whole. Mandela simply choose to ignore these vital ideas. Why? Because that was the deal he made with the whites in 1990 to get out of jail!
The ANC today is a corrupt capitalist party. However unlike the MPLA and FRELIMO it was never Marxist-Leninist (Stalinist). The official South African Communist Party (SACP) is part of a ANC led political alliance called the Tripartite Alliance. Together with the Congress of South African Trade Unions, the SACP is little more then a puppet of the African National Congress. The communist party itself does not run in elections. This show that the South African stalinists are nothing more then reformist idiots who remain loyal to a party that has betrayed socialism since 1990. Despite that Mandela stood next to the hammer and sickle banner, he did not end the capitalist system and not transferred the wealth to the majority of the people. Nelson Mandela is by all account a class traitor and Revolutionary Socialist Media will say this openly and loud. After the icon of anti-Apartheid went into retirement, the ANC choose right-wing Thabo Mbeki to be the next leader. Mbeki was able to create a black capitalist class next to the white ruling class. However black workers remained poor and backward. Thabo Mbeki did not cared. He wanted to serve a new class of black capitalists. Inequality was now very high after Mbeki left office in 2008. Voter loyalism is why the ANC is still winning elections, despite the fact that they are not a party of the working class. Meanwhile the liberals of the Democratic Alliance are winning more black votes, especially from those who are part of the new black bourgeoisie!
”Chama Cha Mapinduzi” is Swahili and stands for: Party of the Revolution (CCM). It is the name of the ruling party of Tanzania. Originally it supported African-socialism, which difference from Marxist-socialism. Julius Nyerere was one of the most important African-socialist leaders. He developed an ideology called Ujamaa. After Tanzania (first named Tanganyika) became independent of Great Britain in 1961, Nyerere wanted to turn the nation into an African-socialist state based on his ideology. The problem with all African-socialists was that they were top-down thinkers. Their ideas were contradicting each other. On paper they promised democratic rights, yet at the same time arrested anybody who pointed out flaws in their system. Julius Nyerere was dictatorial and forced Ujamaa down on the working class of Tanzania. The Arusha Declaration of 1967 marked the start of his grand plan. Nyerere’s revolutionary transformation failed miserably because economic output was low. Despite huge gains on the social front, economic growth was not achieved. Also Tanzania was not self-relined as the CCM had championed. Because the president wanted to build the nation on his ideas, he banned anything that was not in line. Soul music, western films and magazines, miniskirts and tight trousers were all banned in Nyerere’s Tanzania!
African-socialism failed because like stalinism it was top-down, bureaucratic centralist, authoritarian and based on a single party system. Revolutionary socialists understand that people like Julius Nyerere were idealists and more dreamers then actual thinkers. They failed to understand that socialism cannot be build by a small minority. It can only be constructed in a democratic environment with free speech and participation from the working class in planning and production. African-socialists centralized all power in the government, which became a center for corruption, nepotism and elitism. Working class Tanzanians had no means to oppose it, since the government would silence them if they spoke out. By the late 1980’s it was clear that Ujamaa had failed. The Party of the Revolution (CCM) started to think that ”socialism” as a system could not work. Under the influence of neoliberals like Thatcher and Reagan, the party made plans to abandon the ideology of its founder. They did not have to wait long. President Nyerere left his office on 5 November 1985. Disillusioned by the failures of Ujamaa, he choose to retire. The CCM elected Ali Hassan Mwinyi as their new president. This president started to reverse the collectivist ideas of Nyerere. Mwinyi also introduced a multiparty system, although the Party of the Revolution would remain power due to its control over the media and state. After ten years Mwinyi had dismantled the Ujamaa system and turned Tanzania into a capitalist nation. Privileged CCM leaders could now become capitalists and exploit the very people they once claimed to liberate from exploitation!
The CCM continued its market reforms right into the 21st century. Benjamin Mkapa was elected as successor to Ali Hassan Mwinyi. Mkapa claimed to be a supporter of Nyerere, but once in power he kept the austerity of Mwinyi going. In this he was praised by the IMF and World Bank, who were very positive about economic liberalization in Tanzania. Working class people did not benefit as you might know by now. Capitalism only gave wealth to a (very small) minority and foreign capitalists. Mkapa was elected on a anti-corruption platform. He turned out to be a hypocrite, by now we now that this former president was deeply corrupt himself. President Mkapa loved to spend government money. He bought a private jet for 15 million British pounds (19 million U.S dollars) and wasted 30 million pounds on needless military hardware. Let us not forget that the national average income is around 1.100 U.S dollars a year. After he left the office of president in 2005, the state went after Mkapa for corruption charges. As president he had privatized the Kiwira Coal Mine, which the former president bought himself. The Kiwira Coal Mine made Benjamin Mkapa a very rich person in Tanzania!
Today the people and political parties who once claimed to be socialist are now capitalistic. They are class traitors and deserve to be removed. Unfortunate they are all still in power. From the CCM in Tanzania to the ANC in South Africa, FRELIMO in Mozambique and the MPLA in Angola. These former liberation parties now the parties of capitalist exploiters. They can rewrite their history books and ignore what they used to say in the 1970’s, Revolutionary Socialist Media does not forget. We will expose them and call upon the working class of Africa to overthrow them in socialist revolutions. The African continent is the richest part of this planet. Its workers do not deserve to be so poor and backward. It is however up to them to make a difference. They have nothing to lose but their chains!