Ukranian neonazi’s armed with western money

In Syria, the western capitalist powers support Islamic rebels, who fight the Ba’ath regime of Bashar Assad. In Ukraine it is now clear that western money goes to far-right units of the army, who are used by the Poroshenko oligarchy to fight pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk and Lugansk. The Real News Network reported that the Azov Special Operations Unit is now a official party of the Ukrainian Army. Azov started as a far-right militia in 2014 and was made an official part of the army after Poroshenko came to power. Officially this unit denies that its members are neonazi’s, we only have to look at their emblem to know otherwise. They use the Wolfsangel a Germanic symbol that became popular with the Waffen SS. Also their members fly the banner of the former Social-National Party of Ukraine (today renamed into Svoboda), an outright neonazi party!

Before the civil war in Ukraine started, neonazi forces were rather weak. This was because the Ukrainian state used to keep them in line. After the fall of the pro-Russian Yanukovich government in December 2013 this changed. Ukrainian police forces started to look the other way as far-right scum attacked leftists, ethnic minorities and Soviet monuments. The Poroshenko regime officially banned the communist ideology which was fully supported by Svoboda, the new name of the Social-National Party of Ukraine. Under its new name and with 15.000 members, Svoboda is the biggest far-right party in the nation. Like many Ukrainian nationalists, the far-right party is more popular in western Ukraine compared to eastern Ukraine. During the uprising against Yanukovich most regions in the west supported his overthrow!

The western world is fully supportive of the Kiev regime, which is undemocratic and not free. Banning the communist ideology means that even anti-Stalinist communists are not free to express themselves. Symbols of socialism like the red star are banned, singing The Internationale is also not allowed. Meanwhile the far-right nationalists who fought with Hitler against Stalin are glorified by the state. You are not allowed to speak negatively about the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), the anti-Soviet nationalists who killed 100.000 ethnic Pols in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia, between 1943 and 1945. The banner of the UPA is even allowed to be flown from government buildings in Kiev and it was used during the Euromaidan. This is why many leftists had difficulties supporting the demonstrations. Despite calling for the overthrow of a authoritarian leader, the demonstrators were ethnic nationalist, anti-Russian and pro-western. Next to the UPA banner the anti-Yanukovich opposition used the EU flag and are calling for Ukraine to join the neoliberal European Union!

NATO has started to arm Ukraine, now that Poroshenko has moved his country out of Russia’s sphere of influence. The old Soviet style police and army uniforms have been replaced by American style uniforms and it is clear that in the future, NATO will be the main supplier for arms. Despite that Ukraine is a very poor nation, the government has increased its military budget with three billion dollars. In 2013 the army was given 3,6 billion, now the budget is 6,3 billion U.S dollars. Poroshenko is spending a lot of money on the army, while the working class is suffering poverty. It is said that over 60% of all Ukrainians were living in relative poverty last year. Around 30% to 40% are worse off as they must experience absolute poverty. This includes many elderly who are not supported by the state in any way. With the banning of communism, the Kiev regime hopes that it can destroy the only alternative to their corrupt oligarchy. For socialists it is indeed difficult working in Ukraine. Fighting for socialism is often translated as fighting for Russia as Russians are portrayed by the media as ”communists”. Many pro-Russian separatists are using Soviet symbols, despite the fact that these were not created for great Russian chauvinism!

Svoboda is doing much more then just political work. They are indoctrinating their youth with Ukrainian nationalism, hatred of Russians and leftism. Their youth camps are getting government money, which means that the Ukrainian state is paying for camps in which children are brainwashed into hating Russians. The same scenario is happening in Donetsk and Lugansk were Russian separatists are enforcing hatred of ethnic Ukrainians because of these fascists. Since the Azov Special Operations Unit is part of the National Guard, it was also visited by western officers from the U.S Army. American soldiers were smiling and talking to men who give the Hitler salute and proudly claim their hatred for Jews and Russians (off-course not in front of their western allies). The U.S government is not stupid and knows that far-right forces are part of the Ukrainian Army. But since Ukraine fights Russia, Washington DC supports them. The enemy of my enemy is my friend and America is still playing by this line!

Ukraine is not a fascist state as Russian state media claims. But far-right politicians are part of the government and hold important functions in the Kiev regime. Andriy Parubiy for example is the founder of the Social-National Party of Ukraine. In 1994, he was wearing a Nazi style uniform while parading his Storm-troopers down Kiev. Parubiy also led the ”Patriots of Ukraine”, a fascist paramilitary group linked to his Social-National Party of Ukraine. After 2004 he traded his Nazi uniform for a typical business suit. Now in 2018, Andriy Parubiy is a member of the right-wing: People’s Front. A party made up of far-right politicians who may not use Nazi symbols, but who’s ideology is ethnic nationalist and deeply anti-democratic. Parubiy was made chairman of the Supreme Council of Ukraine (parliament) and visited many western countries. No western government criticized him for the fact that between 1994 and 2004, he called Jews the biggest enemy of Ukraine. Opposition to his visits only came from the European left-wing, who were denounced by the Ukrainian state media as ”agents of Vladimir Putin”.

Revolutionary socialists stand in complete opposition to president Poroshenko and his far-right allies like Andriy Parubiy. However unlike some leftists in Russia we do not support the separatists. These militias in eastern Ukraine are driven by the same ethnic nationalism as the Azov Special Operations Unit. Donetsk and Lugansk are govern by people who rely on Russia to survive. Also we must not forget that Russian fascists are fighting too, on the side of the so called ”people’s republics”. A far-right group known as Russian National Unity led by Alexander Barkashov has send its members to fight in eastern Ukraine. It is therefore clear that fascist scum is fighting on both sides. The Russian state media may claim that the separatists are fighting a fascist state, but that is not reality. Fascists are used as shock-troopers by the oligarchies of Putin and Poroshenko to divide the working class. Ukrainian and Russian workers need to brake free from the poison that is ethnic nationalism, if they never want to be out of poverty and insecurity caused by the capitalist system!

 

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Nepal: The revolution betrayed

Nepalese workers and peasants have been betrayed by Stalinist communists once again. Nepal used to have two rival parties, the moderate Communist Party of Nepal – Unified Marxist-Leninist and the (former) revolutionary Communist Party of Nepal – Maoist. Both claimed to be loyal to socialism, but neither has abolished capitalism and turned political power over the working class. Instead they constructed a bourgeois-republic called the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. Not only is this a betrayal of revolutionary principals, it is also treason to the core values of communism. Stalinists and maoists have now joined into one  ”communist” (in reality capitalistic) party called: Nepal Communist Party (NCP). This new NCP is no revolutionary party, despite their use of communist symbols. Worse, their hammer and sickle is the same version used by the class-traitors of the Chinese Communist Party!

There were many communist parties in Nepal using the name: Communist Party of Nepal. But only two are worth mentioning as they are mass parties. Since 1991 there was the moderate Stalinist party, known under the name CPN-Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML). This ”communist” party supported the monarchy and the king. A revolutionary wing who supported the ideas of Mao Zedong was founded in 1994. This CPN-Maoist called for the revolutionary overthrow of the Kingdom of Nepal. From 1996 until 2006, the Maoist rebels fought the Royal Nepalese Army. After a peace-treaty the CPN-Maoist won the elections. They could have set up a revolutionary government, which would lay the groundwork for a Socialist Federal Republic of Nepal. But by 2008, both the maoists and stalinits had pushed the idea of a socialist Nepal to a far future. The moderate CPN-Unified Marxist-Leninist choose to work with the Nepalese Congress, the main social democratic party!

Maoist leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal exposed his betrayal of revolutionary principals, when he agreed on joining a capitalist provisional government. Nepal was to be transformed from a monarchy into a federal bourgeois republic. Like the CPN-Unified Marxist Leninist, the CPN-Maoist believed that Nepal first needs to undergo a bourgeois-democratic revolution. Ten years later and nothing has changed, despite years of ”communist” rule. Reality proofs that Stalin’s two-stage theory is a complete facade for capitalist rule. Nepal is a very poor country and the little wealth they have is centralized in the hands of their capitalist class. Dahal was prime minister for a short time in 2016-2017, he behaved like a bourgeois politician. As the maoists abandoned their revolutionary rhetoric, they became more in line with the reformist ideology of the CPN-Unified Marxist Leninist. By 2018, Pushpa Kamal Dahal agreed on reunification with the moderate stalinists. On 17 May of this year, the two ”communist” parties became one under the name: Nepal Communist Party (NCP)!

The symbol of the new party is a sun with the Chinese hamer and sickle in it. By using the symbol of the corrupt-capitalist ”Communist” Party of China, the Nepal Communist Party shows that it is not a socialist alternative. Still, because many workers have no class-consciousness they are easily manipulated by the (pseudo) revolutionary propaganda. Those who were part of the CPN-Maoist used to be indoctrinated into worshiping Dahal as the Mao Zedong of Nepal. Unlike the Chinese icon, the Maoist boss did not expropriate the ruling class and neither nationalized the means of production. Mao Zedong may have created a deformed system, but Pushpa Dahal did something far worse. He choose to work with the very people who support the ruling class. This is why all workers and peasants must reject the Nepal Communist Party. Meanwhile the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is led by the former CPN-Unified Marxist Leninist leader: Khadga Prasad Oli, a moderate politician!

Despite their overwhelming majority, the NCP choose to include a junior coalition partner in their government. This position is given to the Federal Socialist Forum Nepal, a social-democratic party willing to support the pseudo-communist party. The Nepalese Congress is forced into opposition, which is new to them as the social democrats have been a party of power since the 1990’s. For the FSFN this is the first time they entered a coalition government with the NCP. Despite calling themselves a democratic socialist party willing to support federalism and socialism, the FSFN is not revolutionary. Much like the NCP, they support federalism under a capitalist market economy. Officially Nepal has no political party that is openly right-wing. All elected parties claim to be leftist, socialist and progressive. This is ironic since all of them have never even tried to build a socialist society. The NCP, FSFN and Nepalese Congress are all supportive of capitalism. Stalinists, maoists, social democrats and self-styled democratic socialists, in Nepal they are the politicians of capitalism!

Khadga Prasad Oli used to be a revolutionary activist. Fighting in the 1970’s against the absolute monarchy of Birendra Bir Bikram Shah, who was murdered in 2001 along many family members during the Nepalese royal massacre. Oli betrayed his communist principals when he decided to support a parliamentary monarchy over a socialist republic. Also he became minister in the first CPN-Unified Marxist Leninist government, which lasted only a few months before the social democrats brought this ”communist” government down. After the peace treaty with the CPN-Maoist, Oli again joined a capitalist provisional government under Girija Prasad Koirala, the face of the social democratic Nepalese Congress. In October 2015, Khadga Oli finally reached the top of his political career, he was made prime minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. This was possible because Maoist leader Pushpa Dahal supported him. A year later the maoists walked away from the coalition, this meant that the government lost their majority in parliament!

Prime minister Oli was forced to resign after the right-wing Rastriya Prajatantra Party and Madhesi Rights Forum-Democratic also walked out of the coalition government. The elections in November 2017 did not punished the CPN-Unified Marxist-Leninist. In fact the party won the election together with the Nepalese Congress. The CPN-Maoist Center lost a few votes but remained the third largest political party. Now Khadga Oli could become prime minister again. In early 2018, he and Pushpa Dahal came together to talk about unification of the two communist parties. It was decided that the Communist Party of Nepal – Unified Marxist Leninist and the Communist Party of Nepal – Maoist Center would fuse into the Nepal Communist Party. Khadga Oli and Pushpa Dahal share the position of party chairman, an irony because in the 90’s the Maoist leader used to denouce the moderate CPN-UML politician as a class enemy, for supporting the monarchy. As their new party-symbol Oli and Dahal took the basic emblem of the CPN-UML (a sun) with a hammer and sickle in the style of the Chinese Communist Party!

After the 2017 election no right-wing party entered the House of Representatives. But the Nepalese ruling class is not alarmed, they know that both the ”communist” NCP and social democratic FSFN are no threat to their power structure. Also the Nepalese Congress has been a strong supporter of the ruling class since the 1990’s. They are the main right-wing party now, despite their official social democratic ideology. The Nepal Communist Party is led by the misguided believe that the nation must first become strong under capitalism. This is Stalin’s two stage theory, which is why many communist parties decided to join capitalist governments. Revolutionary socialists fully disagree with the two stage theory. We call for a revolutionary government of workers and peasants to be build in Nepal. With the reunification of the stalinists and maoists completed, the Nepal Communist Party is now the biggest political party in the nation!

Despite that all elected political parties call themselves leftist, progressive and socialist, they all support the capitalist system. It remains to be seen how much longer workers and peasants are willing to vote for ”communists” who do not change the system. The CPN-Maoist rebellion gave many hope and Dahal used to be popular because he used anti-capitalist rhetoric. But the maoists also support Stalin’s two stage theory and Pushpa Dahal has proven to be a true Stalinist. Meanwhile the IMF and World Bank are demanding privatizations and capitalist politics from the Oli government. Looking towards China, it is very possible that Oli wrongly believes that in order for Nepal to grow, he must obey the laws of world capitalism. As a ”Marxist” he should know that this is exactly why revolutionary socialists call for a workers party to be build. The Nepalese revolution has been betrayed by the very same people who claimed to be loyal to it!

 

Logo_of_CPN_(UML)

The new emblem of the Nepal Communist Party

The facade of Turkish democracy

Western media outlets are asking why the Turks would vote for a dictatorship? Why would a majority choose to vote for a president who has become famous for abusing human rights. The very same thing can be said about Trump voters, who share many similarities with voters of right-wing president Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Both voting groups belong to the working class in rural areas. Both Trump and Erdogan have played on populist rhetoric mixed with nationalism. This strategy would fail in a country in which nationalism means very little. Yet in the USA and Turkey, nationalism is a part of the national identity. Turks are raised to be ethnic nationalists. They learn to love and worship the founding father of the republic: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. You may reject certain aspects of Turkish society, but you are not allowed to criticize the ‘’Greatness of the Turkish Nation’’. Trump is also playing on American nationalism. But while that capitalist idiot is losing popular support, Erdogan is remaining popular with many Turks!

Turkish workers who work in the major cities and in tourism are not in favour of the authoritarian president. They understand that their freedom is at stake if Erdogan is allowed to stay in power. However in rural Turkey, the far-right conservative; Justice and Development Party (AK Party) of the president, has almost unlimited support among poor peasants, rural workers and farmers. Before 2002, these poor sections of Turkish society were ignored by the secular elite in the big cities like Istanbul and Ankara. While the bourgeoisie enjoyed themselves with a western lifestyle, the religious poor felt they had nothing to say. Since religion (Sunni-Islam) is very important to rural Turkey, Islamic political parties have tried to gain political power. The secular state however banned most Islamic parties on the grounds that secularism was to rule supreme. Erdogan started his career in the National Salvation Party, a Islamist party that was banned in 1980 following the military coup. Erdogan then joined the new Welfare Party and was elected mayor of Istanbul in the 1990’s. Because of his pragmatism he was able to improve the city!

The secular elite mistrusted the mayor from the Islamist: Welfare Party. To stop Erdogan from becoming more popular (and more powerful) they were able to ban the Welfare Party on the grounds that it was a threat to the secular order of Turkey. Erdogan led a massive demonstration against the government and was arrested. He served a few months in prison and later participated in the general election of 2002 as candidate for the Justice and Development Party (AK Party). This conservative party did not call for a Islamic state to be build. The AK Party knew back then it could not openly call itself a religious party, so they called themselves culturally and social conservative. Because Erdogan played on these ideas (which are very popular outside the cities) he won the 2002 general election and was made prime minister. For many secularists this was a huge shock!

From 2002 until 2012, Recep Tayyip Erdogan slowly abolished the secular order and replaced it with a neo-Ottoman one. Under the AK Party, head veils were accepted and Islam was allowed to become part of the government. This was unthinkable in previous years. In 2012, the AK leader ran for president. Until then the office of prime minister was more powerful than that of the president. But Erdogan wanted Turkey to become a presidential state, with a lot power centralized in the office of president. By winning the presidency and changing the law, Erdogan succeeded in turning the country’s political system from a parliamentary state into a presidential one!

The AK Party only lost one election. That was in June 2015 when Erdogan was exposed as a corrupt dictator. Angred by the brutal crack down of the protests in Gezi Park, the AK Party lost their majority. Erdogan did not accepted the results. He demanded a re-election and started to silence critical newspapers, journalists and politicians. Especially those Turks who are anti-nationalist were intimidated by groups loyal to the AK Party and the fascist: Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). Dictator Erdogan got his re-election and the AK Party won the November 2015 elections, which were held in a very undemocratic environment. The president understood that he could use Turkish fascists to strengthen his regime. A victim of the nationalist-fascist attacks is the People’s Democratic Party (HDP). This leftist party is very popular in Kurdish speaking regions. Because of their popularity among the Kurds, the Turkish state has started to arrest and jail key figures of the HDP. The reasons are always the same, the state claims these HDP politicians are ‘’PKK supporters’’ and because many are pro-Kurdish they are jailed as ”enemies of the state”!

Since the HDP calls for Kurdish political rights, the Erdogan regime can portray them as ‘’PKK supporters’’. In Turkey anybody is automatic a ‘’PKK supporter’’ if he/she rejects the nationalist point of view regarding the Kurds. This is why the People’s Democratic Party is hated by the AK establishment and the fascists. Far-right MHP politicians in parliament have called for a ban on the leftist party. In the past the state banned many pro-Kurdish parties on the grounds that they promote ”seperatism”. Former HDP leaders Selahattin Demirtaş and Serpil Kemalbay are already jailed for ‘’spreading terrorist propaganda’’. In Turkey you are regarded a terrorist when you speak at a Kurdish rally!

Since the conflict with the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) resumed, many innocent Kurds have been murdered by police and security forces. Nationalists claim that the PKK is still a murderous communist party. In reality, the party of Abdullah Öcalan has renounced stalinism in the late 1990’s. Today the PKK is a democratic-confederalist party and does not even call for a socialist Kurdistan anymore. But for the Turkish far-right, the Kurdistan Workers Party will always remain communist. Turkey has been supported in their conflict with the Kurds by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO weapons have been used to murder and destroy thousands of towns belonging to ethnic Kurds. It is a scandal that Turkey is even allowed to remain in NATO, now that it is clear that democracy is only a façade under Recep Tayyip Erdogan!

Turkey has never been a true liberal democracy. The authoritarian state has banned numerous political parties. This began right in 1923 when Mustafa Kemal Ataturk banned the Communist Party of Turkey, despite the fact that Soviet Russia supported the nationalists of Ataturk against foreign imperialists between 1920 and 1923. Still Ataturk demanded full obedience to his secular nationalist order, it was not until after his death that the Republican People’s Party (the party of Ataturk) allowed (limited) political opposition. Then in the 1970’s the military started to impose its secular will on the people by removing civilian governments. The most famous coup was that of 1980, it resulted in the arrested of over 650.000 people, 1.500.000 million were blacklisted and 210.000 jailed. Let us not forget that Turkey was an active NATO member during those three years of military rule. Western countries knew about the massive human rights abuses, yet they said nothing. It shows the complete hypocrisy of western imperialism, when powers such as the USA and EU criticize Putin yet remain silent about their ally Erdogan!

Civilian rule was reinstated in 1983, the military demanded that civilian leaders remained loyal to secular nationalism. Until 2002 no Turkish politician dared to challenge the might of the secular order. To campaign for separatism or religion is considered unconstitutional. This is how the state was able to ban political parties such as the National Salvation Party and the Welfare Party. These parties were openly supportive of Islamist ideas. When the Kurds tried to get minority rights through participating in politics, their parties were all banned by the Constitutional Court. Turkish judges all speak the same nationalist tone. Erdogan understood the growing popularity of the People’s Democratic Party. Despite knowing what it means to be jailed for your political ideas, he has removed elected mayors and replaced them with his henchmen from the AK Party. Many towns and cities in Kurdish dominated regions are now controlled by the AK establishment, despite the fact that the HDP has a majority of votes!

The 2018 elections were portrayed as a victory for Erdogan. This is only partially true. Because the AK Party lost their majority in parliament. It forces the nationalist conservatives to work with the fascists of the MHP to give Erdogan his majority. The fascists are willing to support the president as long as he is enforcing ethnic nationalism. Among the rural poor there is a misguided idea that under Erdogan they have become wealthier. This is not true as income inequality has not changed. Yes, Erdogan has improved rural Turkey since 2002. Towns that were backward and outdated before the 21 century now receive government support, a rarity since the old secular order gave almost no attention to the need of rural workers and their families. Despite the cosmetic makeover reality remains that Erdogan and his AK cronies have enforced neoliberalism and enriched themselves. The newly build Presidential Palace in Ankara is just one example of wasteful spending by the president. 22% of all Turks are still living in poverty and most workers earn an income that is close to 400 euros a month!

Although the AK Party lost its majority in parliament, the introduction of the presidential system will reduce parliaments power. As president of the nation, Erdogan will soon be in complete control. The Turkish parliament will have limited options and with a AK/MHP coalition, far-right nationalism is secured. The opposition can speak out but do nothing. HDP politicians will lose their immunity as soon as they speak out against the abuse of human rights in Kurdistan. Even the secular nationalists of the Republican People’s Party will side with Erdogan in removing the People’s Democratic Party from Turkish politics. Both far-right, religious and secular nationalists hate the HDP for their leftism, multiculturalism and support for the Kurds. Revolutionary socialists call for the HDP to follow a socialist ideology and to expose the Justice and Development Party as a party of the ruling class. The fascists of the MHP are Erdogan’s Stormtroopers. They will be used to harass, intimidate and attack Turkish leftists and anti-nationalists. It is vital that Turkey is kicked out of NATO and internationally isolated. Workers need to understand that Recep Tayyip Erdogan is not their ally and that class struggle is the only way to end the power of the corrupt AK establishment. A workers party on a socialist program is needed!

 

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Hungarian idiocy

Far-right conservative Viktor Orbán of Hungary has enabled a ban on helping refugees. Any Hungarian who is caught helping a man, woman or child who illegally entered Hungary can be arrested and jailed. The far-right leader has been in power for 8 years and like all conservatives, he blames refugees and illegals for Hungary’s social problems. In reality it is the capitalist system that has causing poverty and insecurity. But this system is fully supported by Viktor Orbán and his racist conservative party. Yet they hide their pro-capitalist agenda behind a huge façade of right-wing populism and anti-Europeanism. They claim that Muslim migrants would overrun their nation and that Christian culture is under siege. In reality there are very few Muslims in Hungary and even far less refugees!

In 2011 there were 5,579 Muslims in Hungary, making up 0.000568242% of the total population. 73% were ethnic Hungarian and only 2,369 are of Arab origin. Yet with the rise of Viktor Orbán and the Hungarian Civic Alliance (FIDESZ) suddenly this tiny group of Muslims were seen as a major treat to Hungarian culture and traditions. Orbán uses racist slogans to hide a hard reality, that ethnic Hungarians are choosing to work and live outside Hungary. Young people do not want to live in a society in which only the capitalist class enjoy wealth and high salaries. Since 2013 there is a huge wave of young workers moving out of the country. Orbán knew that he could only stay in power if he created this myth of ‘’Muslims hordes’’ attacking Christian Hungarians. Although 50% of the population is Christian (divided between Greek orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism and Protestantism) the other halve is not religious. In fact only 10% of all Hungarians go to church!

The right-wing needed to create a fictional picture of a nation under siege. FIDESZ under Orban used their control over the state media and government to spread fear of Muslim refugees. This is how Orban has won every election, by spreading fear about a religious group which is a very tiny minority in Hungary. Because many media outlets are owned by his corrupt capitalist friends (FIDESZ supporters), the conservative government can spread its poison. Hungary has always been a nation searching for its own identity. Since 1990 most Hungarians ask themselves who they are. Between 1945 and 1990 the country was a Stalinist state, ruled over by the bureaucrats of the Hungarian Socialist Workers Party (MSZMP). Although the current regime is very hostile to this period, many who lived under the Hungarian People’s Republic have some positive things to say. Under stalinism there was less inequality and the state took care of people (up to a certain point). MSZMP leader Janos Kadar was allowed to be more independent of Moscow. This gave him the change of building a Hungarian style ‘’socialism’’. However this system came crushing down after Kadar’s death and the transformation of the Hungarian Socialist Workers Party into a party promoting capitalism, austerity and privatizations!

As the ex-stalinists started to work with pro-EU liberals to privatize the Hungarian economy, it was the Hungarian Civic Alliance who rejected austerity. Viktor Orbán and his conservatives came out against the demands of the European Union and could portray themselves as ‘’defenders of ordinary people’’. With the Syrian Civil War turning into a major refugee crisis, Orbán understood that he could fuel anti-Muslim hatred into his anti-Europeanism. Since there are so few Muslims in Hungary most only know Islam from television networks, who are under control of capitalists supportive of the government. There is no leftist media in Hungary. Even the Stalinist: Hungarian Workers Party is supportive of the brutal anti-refugee rhetoric. This is because the stalinists are populists and wish to support anything that is popular to bash. Refugees are feared by most Hungarians because they fear an Islamic invasion. Viktor Orbán and his FIDESZ cronies have very effectively brainwashed a whole nation into thinking that Syrians and Iraqi’s who are fleeing war and terrorism, have the desire to turn their Christian nation into a Islamic caliphate!

Meanwhile the EU establishment is criticizing Hungary, which is why most populists are now siding with Orbán. Right-wing politicians are very supportive of the Hungary leader, because he is considered a ”Crusader against the EU and Islam”. But this picture is a facade too. Because Orbán knows his capitalist class is dependent on the common European market. Although the propaganda of FIDESZ is anti-EU, the Hungarian ruling class has no desire to leave the European Union. Orbán knows this and has proven that he is a master of propaganda. Behind the microphone he give bombastic speeches, but when it comes to real politics the ”Crusader against the EU and Islam” backs down. Hungary has not rejected any neoliberal policies enforced by the European Commission and has not changed anything regarding the exploitation of the Hungarian working class. Because Viktor Orbán and his Hungarian Civic Alliance are not fighting for workers and poor. They hate the working class and the poor. Because in reality, FIDESZ is only able to rule because the social democratic MSZP is a capitalist party too. Hungarian workers have no political force of their own and we must not forget that the nationalist conservatives have the backing of powerful capitalists, who own many media outlets!

To be a socialist is not easy in the kingdom of Viktor Orbán. Many young Hungarians have already chosen to leave. Since their country is part of the EU, they can work and live in a number of European nations were wages are higher. Orbán may turn the nation more authoritarian, but he cannot hide the reality that young educated people are leaving. For revolutionary socialists it is essential to brake the web of lies. Socialism is not what the old Stalinist MSZMP did under Janos Kadar and it has nothing to do with its present-day capitalist incarnation, the MSZP. It is a challenge to fight the ruling dogma that socialism failed and that capitalism works. Orbán and his conservatives used to reject austerity purely from a opportunistic perspective. They rejected right-wing economics to turn the working class voters against the social democrats and liberals!

Their strategy worked, it resulted in the fact that the Hungarian Socialist Party is now a minor force and the liberal party dissolved itself in 2013. Since FIDESZ has been in full control of parliament it has done nothing to end austerity and the low income of most workers. All it did was complying about Europe and refugees. The public must be distracted from their real problems, that is what the conservatives in Hungary are doing right now. They create an enemy that is not even there. They blame refugees who are not terrorists. They claim to fight for Christianity when only 10% of all Hungarians go to church. Viktor Orbán is a leader who serves only one class and that is not the class who makes up the majority of the people in Hungary!

 

Orbán Viktor

Prime minister Orbán, the right-wing leader of Hungary since 2010!

The poison of Greek and Macedonian nationalism

Since the collapse of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992, Athens and Skopje have been in a conflict over the name of the former Socialist Republic of Macedonia (1945-1991). Today this country is named Republic of Macedonia, but internationally only recognized as Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Greece has never accepted the country’s name, because it claims the current people living there have no historical links to Hellenic Macedonia. Because of the name dispute, the Republic of Macedonia has not been able to join the EU or NATO as Greece would veto any attempt by Skopje to apply for membership. Revolutionary socialists reject nationalism on both sides. The ruling class is dividing the Greek and Macedonian workers to weaken class struggle. Out of all former Yugoslav republics, Macedonia was the least developed. Its capitalist class would love to join the neoliberal EU to strengthen their rule. We say NO to both EU and NATO membership.

Revolutionary Socialist Media stands in opposition to any kind of nationalism. The name Macedonia has become a battleground for nationalists in both countries. Greece has a province they call Macedonia and there is a Slavic country that is called Macedonia since 1943. The Greeks did not seemed to care about that when Yugoslavia was still around. But after the collapse of the federal state, the Republic of Macedonia became independent. Greek nationalists could not accept this. All Greek governments have used their veto’s in the EU and NATO to oppose Macedonia attempts to join these institutions of capitalism and western imperialism. Skopje wants to join the western world, their capitalist politicians have this illusion that EU and NATO membership would make the Republic of Macedonia stronger. As demonstrated by eastern European countries, EU membership turns out only to benefit the ruling class, who own the means of production!

The Republic of Macedonia is a landlocked country of 2,1 million people. Its economy was the weakest of Yugoslavia and the collapse of the federal state resulted in a decline of living standards. Capitalist institutions have praised Skopje with its neoliberal reforms since 1996. Opening up the economy has resulted in a rising GDP for those who benefit from the system. Unemployment is 27% of the total labour force and 22% out of all Macedonians live in poverty. The majority of working class people (72% according to a national poll) have indicated that they struggle financially as wages are low and prices high for basis needs. Macedonia is only a success story for those who are part of the political and economic elite. For average workers life is not easy, with incomes no higher then 385 euros a month. The government does not care, they have lowered corporate taxes and are very happy that European capitalists ”invest” in the country!

Politically the republic is led by two major parties of capitalism. The Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity is the main right-wing national conservative party. This party is promoting Macedonian nationalism combined with right-wing populism (anti-Muslim bigotry). Unlike other European populists the VMRO-DPMNE is not anti-EU. In fact the national-conservatives are supportive of the European-Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. This is because VMRO-DPMNE wants Macedonia to be part of the western capitalist world. Its main opponent is the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia. This pseudo-leftist party was founded by the members of the old communist league. As titoism (Yugoslav stalinism) collapsed the Macedonian wing of the Communist League of Yugoslavia quickly abandoned Marxism. In 1990 they added the title: ”Party of Democratic Renewal” to their name. A small year later the former ”champions of the proletariat” dropped their facade and became fully supportive of capitalism as the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia. Together with neoliberals they won the 1996 elections, only to promote austerity and deregulation!

Because Macedonia lacks a workers party, the traitorous ex-stalinists are still portrayed as the only left-wing force. But their so called leftism is a scam, the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia is no alternative for the suffering working class. Like all European social democrats, these class traitors only serve one class: the capitalist class of Macedonia. In 2016 a coalition around the social democratic party won the elections, forcing the national-conservatives into the opposition. The new government started to talk with the Greek government of Alexis Tsipras (another class traitor) over the name dispute. Until now the Republic of Macedonia is known as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia internationally. Prime minister Zoran Zaev and Alexis Tsipras came to a compromise. Macedonia would be called; ”Republic of North Macedonia” this is what Greece would accept. However the nationalist president of Macedonia has rejected this name. Gjorge Ivanov said he would veto any attempt to change the name of the country. In Greece the far-right nationalists of the Golden Dawn have also called for demonstrations. Like the Macedonian nationalists these Greek fascists claim that the name; ”Macedonia” only belongs to them!

The deep betrayal of Alexis Tsipras in 2015 resulted in the fact that Greece has suffered the full blow, as Europe forced privatizations of its last state-owned enterprises. Airports, once under state ownership are now sold to foreign capitalists to exploit. The same is done with seaports, which means that Greece has no control nor ownership of its air and sea bases. For Greek workers, Tsipras is a traitor who sold them to European capitalism. Right-wing nationalists like the Golden Dawn know how to exploit their anger into racism and hatred. Many who live in Greek Macedonia are using racial slurs to denounce the Slavic Macedonians, who are called ”inferior” and ”Albanian” as nationalist Greeks refuse to call them Macedonians. Tsipras and his ”Coalition of the Radical Left” (SYRIZA) face a certain election defeat in 2019. It does not take much guessing to know that the conservatives of New Democracy will return to power. The Greek left-wing is still unable to build a socialist alternative after SYRIZA turned out to be a party of class traitors!

Revolutionary socialists reject both the nationalist VMRO-DPMNE and the Greek nationalists of Golden Dawn and others. A name change will not improve the lives of workers in both countries. Capitalism is the main reason why 72% of Macedonian workers face financial difficulties. Capitalism is why 68% of all Greek workers are facing relative poverty. Although the Greeks still earn 800 euros above the average income of Macedonia, we must not forget that prices for basic human needs are almost equal to that of western Europe. The main difference is that German,  French and Dutch workers earn 1000 euros above the average Greek income. 72% of Macedonians and 68% of Greeks do not enjoy the fruits of their labour. They are excluded from the wealth they create by working for capitalists both domestic and international. Greece has always been called a ”developed” nation, while Macedonia is often called a developing country. Reality is that because of austerity and privatizations, the living standards in both countries has declined. To end this, working class people need a party of their own. Not a bunch of ex-Stalinist scum like the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia or the pseudo-leftists of SYRIZA!

We say:

  • NO to nationalist demonstrations in Macedonia and Greece organized by the far-right.
  • NO to political leaders like Zoran Zaev and Alexis Tsipras
  • NO to ethnic nationalism and austerity cuts
  • NO to the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • NO trust in politicians and parties of the bourgeoisie
  • Greek and Macedonian workers need to unite in parties of their own
  • For a Socialist Macedonia and a Socialist Greece, part of a Balkan Socialist Federation!

 

Greek

Criminal John Bolton Tried To SABOTAGE Peace

American war-hawk and imperialist criminal John Bolton tried to sabotage the peace talks in Korea on purpose. We know Bolton to be a right-wing imperialist who worked with Dick Cheney and Ronald Rumsfeld in 2003 to invade Iraq. Also he supported the 2011 bombings of Libya and would love to go to war with Iran. Bolton is the NATIONAL security adviser for that hypocrite in the White House, who claimed to be against war and foreign interventions. Like many neoconservatives, John Bolton does not like it that south and north Korea are talking. He also is not in favor of the meeting between Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un in Singapore!

Bolton is a criminal, like Cheney and Rumsfeld who organized the invasion of Iraq. As a war-hawk he has supported all imperialist interventions of the USA. At age 69, Bolton is no strange to the political elite. He held numerous functions during the Reagan era and got his best promotions under that idiot George W. Bush. But it was Donald Trump who made John Bolton the 27th United States National Security Adviser. This is the same Donald Trump who called Hillary Clinton a war-hawk and said that he would never choose people like her at his side. Now we know that Trump is a big old sexist liar. Because by appointing a war-hawk like Bolton who openly calls for regime change in Syria, Iran and North Korea, Trump has proven that he is just like Clinton: a war-hawk!

By trying to sabotage the upcoming meeting with Kim Jong Un on purpose, John Bolton is not only a scumbag. He is also a traitor and should be fired for trying to undermine the actions of the president. It shows the criminal intent of Bolton and how this man is trying to prevent peace in Korea. Because John Bolton is just a puppet for the true war-hawks, the military companies who would make huge profits if a war brakes out. Bolton is their man, their political puppet who openly calls for war, destruction and regime change. In 2001 and 2003, military capitalists got very wealthy by selling expensive weaponry to the U.S Army, Navy and Air Force during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Bolton all promoted this and therefore he is a criminal and an enemy of the working class of this world!

The war-hawks may have turned Trump against Iran, but they have failed to do so in Korea. Bolton’s plan to stop the meeting with Kim Jong Un has not yet worked as Trump is willing to meet the North Korean leader in Singapore on 12 June 2018. This North Korea–United States summit is very important as no North Korean leader has ever spoken to a U.S president. Jimmy Carter did speak with Kim Il Sung in 1994, but that was after he was president. Because of the deep hostility of all U.S governments towards the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, the Juche regime strengthen its own anti-American propaganda and paranoia. The neoconservatives always favored a war with North Korea, they were never happy with the cease fire of 1953. People like John Bolton fully supported the totalitarian anticommunist regime in the south, which was famous for its suppression of individual freedoms and basic democratic rights!

Revolutionary socialists have no illusions that these peace-talks will result in any improvement for the working class of North Korea. Kim Jong Un is a absolute monarch who has shown interests in the state-capitalist model of China, Vietnam and Laos. In reality the DPRK has already a limited market economy. Behind the facade of the planned economy, there is a shadow capitalist one. Also since Kim Jong Un became leader there have been some minor reforms. Should there be a full peace between the USA and North Korea, then it is possible that economic liberalization will happen. The ruling caste of the Workers Party of Korea (WPK) would love to have access to the world capitalist market, like the members of the communist parties in China, Vietnam and Laos. But for ordinary workers any capitalist reforms will only benefit those who are part of the ruling WPK bureaucracy!

What is needed is a proletarian revolution and the complete overthrow of the Kim dynasty. John Bolton would also like this, but for different reasons. He wants war so that his financial backers are getting rich. Bolton may also like the idea of a new regime in North Korea that is willing to sell their workers to American capitalist companies. This is where capitalist scum like Bolton show their true colors. They don’t give a shit about democracy, human rights or freedom. Because we never hear Bolton about regime change in countries like Saudi-Arabia, the United Arab Emirates or even China. Why? Because these countries are pro-capitalist and produce things the ruling class of the USA needs. Because of this fact, revolutionary socialists will reject any foreign intervention of the USA. We will say NO to any war with North Korea or Iran. This does not mean that we give political support to these regimes. We call for a socialist revolution and the establishment of workers rule in all parts of the world!

 

2018-03-23-Trump-John-Bolton

John Bolton, a traitor and a war-hawk!

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

In December 1975, the Kingdom of Laos was replaced by the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Laos became a Stalinist dictatorship under the leadership of a former monarchist called Souphanouvong. This ex-monarchist had joined forces with the left-wing nationalists of the Pathet Lao. Those nationalists fought a long war against the monarchist Lao government and the criminal CIA. After the collapse of South Vietnam the Pathet Lao marched into Vientiane, ending the Laotian monarchy. The new Lao PDR was isolated from the world on the orders of Hanoi. After the Vietnamese started to reintroduce capitalism, the Laotians followed in their footsteps. Laos embraced state-capitalism and abandoned Stalinist economics!

Since Vietnamese soldiers had aided the Pathet Lao, the new ”Socialist” Republic of Vietnam demanded that Laos closed all relations with the world. Only Vietnam was allowed to trade with the tiny nation. This isolation resulted in the fact that Vietnam had a lot of controle over the Laotian government. No high-ranking politician would criticize Hanoi and their demands, because Laos was completely depended on Vietnam. It can be said that both Laos and Cambodia/Kampuchea (after 1979) became puppet states of Hanoi, as the Vietnamese were the ones who gave political power to the ruling Stalinist parties!

Like in all so called ”people’s democracies”, the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party (LPRP) is the only party allowed to rule. In 1979, it created the Lao Front for National Construction, that front united all mass organisations around the LPRP. In today’s Laos, all organisations must be registered with the Lao Front for National Construction. This includes all religions and their institutions. Since Laos was a backward nation in 1975, the LPRP had little opposition. Only the Hmong people proved to be anticommunist. Those Hmong aided the criminals of the CIA during the secret war between 1954 and 1975. The new Stalinist government started to hunt down ethnic members of the Hmong. Anticommunists say that the Lao government was starting an ethnic genocide against the Hmong people!

While a change in power can led to a power-struggle in many Stalinist nations. In Laos every change in leadership goes very smooth. Stalinist leaders have been raised to rule their nation from child birth. Young people are trained in the Lao People’s Revolutionary Youth Union. Here they train their youth to be good patriots and always to obey the party. Marxism-Leninism is only a propaganda ideology, used for propaganda purpose only. There is little enthusiasm for the party in today’s Laos. Only those from elitist families can enjoy the fruits of the new capitalist market economy. People like Od Phongsavanh, a capitalist who owned Lao Central Airlines (went bankrupt in 2014) and a private bank. Phongsavanh is one of many new capitalists who benefit from the capitalist reforms that started in 1986!

Workers however don’t benefit. Capitalism has not led to more wealth for ordinary people. Some state-bureaucrats got wealthy, but almost all Laotians remain very poor. Corruption by these bureaucrats and greedy capitalists is turning Laos into a paradise for exploiters. Prostitution is now more common then 10 years ago, since sex is now big money. Like in Thailand, the Lao people find out that they can make money with the female body. Girls from poor backgrounds sell themselves in order to get a stable income. Because salaries for working class people are very low. The state-capitalist government keeps it that way, they want Laos to be ”attractive” to foreign capital!

Meanwhile the red flag with the yellow hammer and sickle still flies next to the Lao national flag. Like in Vietnam you see this flag a lot. But it has little meaning, most Lao know the red flag to be the party flag of the LPRP. But its historical meaning is unknown to many. They have no idea that the hammer stands for workers and the sickle for peasants. Red is the color of the workers blood that were spilled. Unfortunate there is no class struggle in Laos. That is how the elitists like it. Because if there was a genuine Communist Party of Laos, it could pose a danger to their wealth and status as rulers. Some students have already ”disappeared” after they called for democracy!

But the LPRP has nothing to fear. The people are kept stupid as criticism of the government is not allowed. Marx and Lenin are abused to legitimatize the rule of the old guard, who are all 60+ by 2018. Bounnhang Vorachith is the current president of Laos. He was ”elected” president and party leader in 2016. Vorachith is one of the old guard, an old man aged 80. Laos leadership is still very much centered around the people who were members of the Pathet Lao. Ex-prince Souphanouvong was the one who became the country’s first Stalinist president. However true political power lay with Kaysone Phomvihane, a pro-Hanoi Laotian who controlled the LPRP since 1955. Souphanouvong was only a figure head, with little actual power inside the party. Today both the position of General Secretary of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party and the President of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic are held by the same person!

Unlike other dictatorships who fear their population, Laos is not that well armed. The Lao People’s Army only has about 30.000 troops. Compare that to Vietnam were 400.000 soldiers are active. Its ground forces have 30 outdated T-55 battle tanks, no modern ones are in service. The People’s Liberation Army Air Force of Laos completely lacks air fighters and only owns a few transport helicopters. This army is so weak, it cannot defend the corrupt LPRP bureaucracy, if the workers and peasants rise up. Laos has 6 million people, who could overthrew the regime if they would organize themselves. But this is what the LPRP never wanted to create: class consciousness. As a party of the state-bureaucracy, the workers were forced to bow to people like Souphanouvong, who could mix his monarchist upbringing with Laotian (Stalinist) nationalism.

The people of Laos have no understanding of class struggle. Marxist books are censored, only to produce propaganda for the ruling party. The capitalist world is happy enough with the market reforms in Laos. They don’t need a democracy. So it is up to genuine revolutionary socialists/communists to take a stand against the LPRP and all anticommunists who want to turn Laos into a another capitalist hell on Earth. Although the hammer and sickle still flies next to the state banner, the nation is not a socialist society. Workers do not own nor control the means of production. Political power remains centralized in the hands of the old guerrilla fighters who overthrew the corrupt monarchy in 1975!

At age 80 the president of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic proofs that the country has become a gerontocracy. A nation ruled by old men who have totally disconnected themselves, from the needs of workers and peasants. They now wear typical capitalist business-suits and flirt with the forces of capitalism like the IMF and World Bank. The Lao People’s Revolutionary Party has evolved from a typical bureaucratic communist party into a nationalist party, promoting capitalism and ethnic Lao nationalism. Like the communist parties of Cuba, North Korea, China and Vietnam, it is now the enemy of the very people it once claimed to championed!

What this country needs is a political force on the genuine ideals of revolutionary socialism. The ruling bureaucracy will not allow such a force to be build. Therefore a revolution is needed, one that can only be socialist. A capitalist democracy will not bring any genuine changes. We have seen this in Cambodia, were a parliamentary monarchy was founded by the United Nations in 1993. This monarchy however remains a dictatorship of the same people who ruled the People’s Republic of Kampuchea (1979-1989) and the State of Cambodia (1989-1992). The restoration of the old monarchy will not bring about freedom to the working class of Laos. Only a socialist revolution can result in the true liberation of  the working class. As of 2018 they remain oppressed by the new capitalist class and the old men of the LPRP!

 

Propagada

The symbols of socialism are now abused for Laotian nationalism!

Trump proofs the evil of capitalism

The Americans have withdrawn from the deal with Iran. Now the right-wing regime of Donald Trump will resume the sanctions imposed on Tehran. Capitalist Europe is facing a hard choice. If they keep the deal with Iran alive they risk harsh sanctions against European businesses by the U.S government. Any company that is trading with Iran will be blacklisted and unable to trade with the USA. The oil-capitalists of TOTAL have already made up their mind. They are withdrawing from Iran, because 90% of their profits are from trade with America. Airbus, the European airplane builder might also stop the delivery of airplanes to Iran Air. Despite the good intentions of the Iranians, the reactionary Trump regime proofs that American imperialism holds huge economic power over Europe!

Iran can look towards Russia and China for new trading partners, but Europa is not so lucky. Most European businesses are trading with the USA and they cannot afford to lose the American market. Donald Trump’s threats are working as many capitalists are abandoning their plans to invest in Iran. American imperialism holds considerable power of the economy of the world, especially the European Union. Despite the fact that the Iranians showed good intentions and held up their part of the deal, the untrustworthy Americans proofed again that they don’t want peace with Iran. Another major player who wants to resume hostility between Tehran and Washinton DC is the terror regime of Benjamin Netanyahu. The Israeli prime minister succeeded in turning Trump against the Iranians, by showing pseudo-proof that Iran was building a nuclear weapon. The documents Netanyahu showed are outdated. Most are from 2002 and none show actual information that proof the government of Hassan Rohani is violating the deal. Donald Trump is however an idiot and easily manipulated by a mass-murderer like Netanyahu!

This year also marks the 70th anniversary of Israel. For 1 million Palestinians there is nothing to celebrate. 700.000 of them were deported from their homes after the victory of Zionism in 1948. Another 300.000 were forced out after the Israeli regime invaded the Gaza Strip and the West-Bank in 1967. In the occupied West-Bank over 6.000 Palestinians are in jail under harsh conditions. Among those is the 17-year-old Ahed Tamimi, who was sentenced to 8 months in jail for slapping and kicking an Israeli soldier who wouldn’t leave her family’s courtyard. The incident happened after Ahed heard that her cousin had been shot in the face, by the criminal occupation forces. Netanyahu has shown that he is a mass-killer and his henchmen have already murdered more then 10.000 Palestinians since the year 2000. Another fifty have been killed at the Gaza border by Israeli snipers, after they demonstrated against the decision by Donald Trump to move the U.S Embassy to Jerusalem. The Netanyahu regime is fueling the anger by printing a special silver coin with the face of Trump on it. This special 70th anniversary coin proofs how happy the Zionists are with that idiot in Washington DC!

Capitalism as a system cannot be defeated in one country alone. Most countries are linked to the global capitalist market and will face the full wrath of the system, should they reject the laws of  capitalism. This is why revolutionary socialists call for international socialism and a socialist revolution in all nations of the world. Europeans need to understand that they are not independent of the USA. Their economy is linked to the economy of the United States. Europeans enterprises are dependent on the American market and profits. Should the U.S government decide to put EU companies on black lists then many would face a crisis. This is why oil-capitalists like TOTAL already moved out of Iran. It remains to be seen what others will do. Airbus has sold many new airplanes to Iran Air. These planes carry American technology and if Trump puts Airbus on the U.S blacklist, then it is no longer allowed to sell planes or parts to American airliners. The USA has proven to be a big bully, a bully with a lot of power because many enterprises need the American market. Iran is the victim of a move by two far-right leaders, who don’t care about nuclear weapons or democracy at all. The Trump administration does not care that Saudi-Arabia is using American technology in committing a genocide in Yemen. It does not care that Israel is ignoring UN resolutions while killing Palestinians. The USA and its reactionary allies pose a much greater threat to world peace then the Islamic Republic of Iran!

 

Idiot Trump has resumed the sanctions on Iran!

Armenia needs socialism

There is political turmoil in the former Soviet republic of Armenia. 28 years after the Armenian Socialist Soviet Republic transformed into the bourgeois; Republic of Armenia, we can say that capitalist rule has not benefited the nation. In a way the current republic echo’s the short-lived republic of 1918-1920. The first Republic of Armenia was also marked by instability as the ruling bourgeoisie fought nationalist wars with Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey. By August 1920, the capitalist regime collapsed and the Armenian Revolutionary Committee established the Armenian SSR. 71 years later the Republic of Armenia was re-founded by bourgeois nationalists, who again choose war and instability. Now there is chaos as acting prime minister Serzh Sargsyan stepped down, only to be replaced by another oligarch puppet called Karen Karapetyan, who worked for the Russian GASPROM company. What Armenia needs is a workers party on a socialist program. Unfortunately this is what the country lacks!

Present day Armenia only has two official left-wing parties and both offer no socialist alternatives. The Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) is a junior partner in the government of the right-wing Republican Party. Despite the name ‘’Revolutionary’’ and the use of the red flag as its symbol, the ARF is not a revolutionary socialist party. It started out as one in 1890, but by 1918 the Armenian Revolutionary Federation choose to support the Armenian bourgeoisie over a socialist revolution. After the fall of stalinism and the Armenian Socialist Soviet Republic, the ARF was again supportive of capitalist rule instead of workers rule. In the 1990’s it participated in austerity governments, this is why the party never became a party for workers. Its best result at the elections was in 2007 when it got 13%. This result was destroyed in 2012 after the Armenian Revolutionary Federation had participated in a right-wing government, with the Republican Party. The ARF was again in power with the conservatives after winning lightly in 2017, they obtaining three ministerial posts. Revolutionary socialists reject the ARF as a bourgeois nationalist party and not a force for socialism!

Another pseudo-leftist party is the Armenian Communist Party (ACP). In the 1990’s, this party represented the remnants of the Stalinist caste who remained faithful to Marxist-Leninist dogma. The communist party was popular in the 90’s, winning 12% of the votes in 1995 and 1999. However by 2003 the party was voted out of parliament. Out of all political parties, the Armenian Communist Party is the most pro-Russian and supported Armenia’s entry into the Eurasian Economic Union. Like many communist parties in the former USSR, the ACP wants Armenia to join a State Union with the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus. Despite calling itself a party based on Marx and Lenin, the Armenian stalinists do not wish for a socialist revolution under control of soviets (workers councils). Instead the ACP is calling for a parliamentary republic and a mixed market economy. We therefore conclude that the Armenian Communist Party is not a revolutionary party for socialism!

Revolutionary socialists reject both the pro-capitalist ARP and the pro-Russian ACP. We call for a socialist republic to be build and decentralized planning of the economy. Politics in Armenia are however dominated by the Republican Party and Prosperous Armenia, a pro-Russian conservative party. 2/3 of parliament are under their control and with the ARF supporting the Republican government, there is no genuine leftist force that opposes the capitalist rulers. Voter turn-out during elections is rather low. 40% of all Armenians did not vote during the 2017 elections. Despite losing 11 seats, the Republican Party is still in control of the National Assembly. Armenian workers lack a understanding what socialism is about. The youth born after 1990 may only know it from their parents who experienced a façade, something that only looked like socialism. Antisocialist forces have been able to brand socialism a ”failure”. Only the post-Soviet generation is able to learn what socialism is truly about. It is not a system of a single party dictatorship with a centralized economy run by corrupt bureaucrats!

Karen Karapetyan is a puppet of the ruling class. As mayor of the capital Yerevan between 2010 and 2011, Karapetyan became very unpopular when he ordered the municipality to enforce a strict ban on street trading. After he left the office of mayor, Karapetyan went to Russia where he worked for the GAZPROM company. In 2016, the Republican Party led by Serzh Sargsyan recalled their man and Karen Karapetyan was made prime minister. Two years later president Sargsyan abandoned the presidency to become prime minster, a move seen by many as a power grab since the office of prime minister holds more power than that of the president. On 13 April 2018 massive street protests started against the move by Serzh Sargsyan. Many working class Armenians demanded not only removal of Sargsyan, but also the removal of the conservative Republican Party from power. They are very right to demand this, since the Republicans are an elitist party of power hunger bureaucrats!

The protesters demanded that Nikol Pashinyan was made interim prime minister. However the conservatives know that Pashinyan is very hostile of the Republican Party. As a member of the liberal Civil Contract, Nikol Pashinyan supports the EU and rejects the Eurasian Economic Union created by the Russian Federation. Therefore the Republicans reinstalled their GAZPROM man as prime minister. This move was not well received by the protestors who see Karapetyan as a puppet of Sargsyan. Revolutionary socialists understand their rejection of the current conservative government. But Nikol Pashinyan and his pro-EU party are not the alternative. Civil Contract is a capitalist party that promotes neoliberalism and deregulation of the Armenian economy. Also they wish for Armenia to come closer to the EU and its institutions. This is why socialists reject the liberals, who would trade one imperialist master (Russia)  for another (Europe)!

Our alternatives are:

  1. Complete rejection of the conservative government (and the ARF)
  2. No trust in the liberal opposition or any other pro-EU group
  3. No to Karen Karapetyan or Nikol Pashinyan
  4. Build a workers party on a socialist program
  5. Rejection of the Eurasian Economic Union and the European Union
  6. Nationalization of the means of production under democratic elected councils
  7. Expropriate the ruling class, removal of their control over the Armenian state, media and economy
  8. Build a socialist democracy with a decentralized planned economy!

A man holds down a portrait of former prime minister Serzh Sargsyan

The betrayal of the FSLN

The Sandinista National Liberation Front has been in control of the Republic of Nicaragua since 2011. It used to be a guerrilla group that fought the Somoza family, who ruled from 1937 until 1979. The Sandinistas were supported by many leftists and although they have won democratic elections, they never made the move towards genuine socialism. President Daniel Ortega used to be a Marxist-Leninist (Stalinist). However with the fall of the USSR, Ortega abandoned his revolutionary believes and the whole FSLN became a party that claims to be democratic socialist (in the social democratic tradition). After being out of power for 21 years, the FSLN gained a clear majority in 2011. However Nicaragua is not a socialist democracy under the rule of Daniel Ortega and the Sandinista National Liberation Front! 

Why has the FSLN not introduced a socialist system based on working class control over politics and the economy? The answer may lay in the fact that the Sandinistas never understood what genuine socialism is about. For many; socialism was what the Soviet-Union did or Cuba. They idolized the Stalinist system and the top down bureaucracy. Still the FSLN did not nationalized the whole economy and not introduced a system of planning, after they overthrew the corrupt Somoza dynasty in 1979. What the Sandinistas tried was much closer to classic social democracy, were a private sector is allowed under a regulated market economy. However the development of the Sandinista Revolution was stalled by their isolation and the attempts of world capitalism to destroy the revolutionary government. The USA was not happy that another Latin American country had liberated itself from the grips of capitalist corruption. American governments all supported the right-wing Somoza dynasty and never complained about their abuse of power. However with the FSLN victory in 1979, suddenly the U.S administration started to complain about ”economic rights” and human rights in general!

Under Ronald Reagan, the USA started a criminal campaign to overthrow the revolutionary government in Nicaragua. Reagan believed that the FSLN was a ”communist” party that enforced the will of Moscow on his backyard. To aid the counterrevolution, the White House started to supply arms to a right-wing terror group called the Contras. With CIA training and arms, these terrorists were responsible for more then 1300 attacks between 1979 and 1990. Reagan and his thugs downplayed the crimes of the Contras, while claiming that the Sandinistas were a brutal oppressive regime that abused human rights. Because of the terrorist attacks by the Contras, the FSLN did use brutal methods to fight them. It alienated many working class people and by 1989 the USA had succeeded in weakening the population. Ten years of brutal civil war and a economic embargo resulted in the fact that the pro-capitalist opposition to the Sandinistas won the 1990 elections. The USA had threatened to keep Nicaragua under an embargo unless the right-wing won the elections!

Violeta Chamorro succeed Daniel Ortega as president after the 1990 elections. She is the only woman who ever became president. As a member of the National Opposition Union, Chamorro worked hard to make sure Nicaragua followed the neoliberal model set out by the ruling class of the world. The National Opposition Union got massive financial support from the USA, over 50 million dollars were donated to this capitalist coalition. It is ironic that the official Communist Party of Nicaragua joined hands with the right-wing in 1990, to topped the Sandinista government. There is no excuse for this classic act of betrayal by the communist party. Today the official ”communists” keep calling on working class people to vote for neoliberal candidates, who oppose the Sandinista National Liberation Front. It shows the complete bankruptcy of this political party, which is not providing a socialist alternative to the FSLN and the massive inequality that exists in the country!

President Chamorro succeeded in restoring capitalist law and order. It led to a massive decline in human development.  From 1990 to 2001, the country fell from 60th to 116th in the world in terms of human development and has become the poorest in the whole Latin American continent after Haiti, according to United Nations Development Program. Violeta Chamorro and her capitalist masters did not care, they had only one mission: To make sure that the Republic of Nicaragua would never challenge the Washington Consensus, set out by the U.S government and the IMF & World Bank. Daniel Ortega remained the leader of the FSLN, he however changed his revolutionary rhetoric and became a moderate leftist politician. Soon the former president allied himself with the employers unions and with their help; Ortega was able to win the 2006 presidential elections. Ortega emphasized peace and reconciliation in his campaign and even selected a former Contra leader, Jaime Morales Corazo as his running mate. It showed that the Sandinista National Liberation Front had transformed itself into a leftist nationalist party with social democratic characteristics!

Ortega allied with other leftist nationalists like Hugo Chavez and Evo Morales. These three Latin American leaders wanted to stand up to American imperialism. However all three lacked a clear socialist line of thinking. More so they were populists and never dared to move fully against their ruling classes. Venezuela, Bolivia and Nicaragua did tried to build a alternative trade organisation called the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America. Still it does not change the fact that the economies of all three countries remain capitalistic. Their inability to overthrow capitalism in a socialist revolution led to stagnation and growth of capitalist forces, who are already besieging Venezuela. On the social front, Daniel Ortega choose to embrace conservative viewpoints to win the support from the Roman Catholic Church. Back in the 1980’s he used to support abortion rights for woman. Now Ortega is following the line of the Catholic Church and his government has fully banned any abortion, even therapeutic abortions!

In January 2014, the FSLN dominated National Assemble made it possible for the president to run for office unlimited. The new constitutional reforms gave Ortega the sole power to appoint military and police commanders. We therefore know that top military and police leaders in Nicaragua are not only politically loyal to the Sandinistas, but also to their leader: Daniel Ortega. Despite ruling as a capitalistic president who owns means of production, Ortega and the FSLN remain popular as the country lacks a clear socialist alternative to the Sandinistas. Also the Ortega government has brought stability and economy growth (for a few). Still, it does not hide the fact that the Sandinista National Liberation Front betrayed its original socialist ideology, by working within the framework of a bourgeois system. Revolutionary socialists therefore do not call them a socialist party. Officially however they are still regarded as ”socialist” by many, this includes Wikipedia. A split of the FSLN is called the Sandinista Renovation Movement. The splinter-party never won the popularity of the mother-party, simply because it was never able to build a socialist alternative to the now capitalist Sandinista National Liberation Front!

There is a second reason why politics in the Republic of Nicaragua are divided between the FSLN and the main conservative party, the Constitutionalist Liberal Party. Since 2011, the Sandinistas fully control the state and politics. The capitalist opposition is weak and unable to fully challenge Daniel Ortega. However the recent clashes over pension reforms might give them new strength. Because the Ortega administration wanted to enforce new social security reforms that raised income and payroll taxes, while reducing pension benefits by 5%. Many pensioners feared a loss in income and the right-wing uses this unpopular measure to call for massive strikes. Students and workers joined as they did not wanted to pay more money into the pension system. Ortega only wanted to speak to those who own the economy (capitalists such as himself). This sparked massive outraged and riots started. Police brutality was enforced and over 26 people were killed. After massive protests against the brutality of the police and the mass arrests of students and critics, the FSLN government choose not to implement the reforms to the pension system!

Revolutionary socialists are very critical of president Daniel Ortega and the Sandinista National Liberation Front. Nicaragua needs a workers party on a socialist program that brakes with the bourgeois state and the capitalist system. Politicians like Daniel Ortega, Hugo Chavez (since 2013: Nicolas Maduro) and Evo Morales have not broken with the system. They think that capitalism can be contained or reformed to serve ”them”. This is a very wrong mentality, we know that capitalism cannot be made good. At its core lies the exploitation of people, nature and society. Nicaragua, Venezuela and Bolivia need socialism. Unfortunately the United Socialist Party of Venezuela, the Movement towards Socialism in Bolivia and the Sandinista National Liberation Front will not build it. They are stuck in social democratic methods mixed with leftist nationalism. As the limits of their political projects become more clear, leaders like Maduro and Ortega are growing more authoritarian. Even Evo Morales is using the state against working class Bolivians who criticize his administration!

Between 1979 and 1990, the FSLN faced the whole capitalist world against them. The USA played a very dirty game by destabilizing Nicaragua intentionally. After the FSLN lost the elections in 1990, the party moved to the right and choose to abandon the revolutionary path towards socialism. Despite their betrayal, many in Nicaragua support the Sandinistas for what they did in the 1980’s. The generation born after the civil war with the Contras only knows the FSLN of today. A party that is not building a socialist alternative to capitalism. Out of fear of returning to the days when the right-wing ruled the nation, many keep voting on the party of Daniel Ortega. This fear is understandable, but voting for the lesser of two evils will not bring about an end to the massive inequality in this Latin American country!

 

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