The Saudi Royal Family is still getting their U.S guns to wage a bloody war in Yemen. Donald Trump knows that the crown prince of Saudi-Arabia gave the order to murder Jamal Khashoggi. But the far-right president cares more about that 100 billion dollar trade deal which he singed with Mohammed bin Salman, the true power behind the Saudi throne and government. Salman ordered the execution and now tries to cover his tracks by claiming his agents went rogue. Khashoggi was brutally murdered by Saudi operatives inside their embassy in Turkey. With billions worth of American weapons, the Saudi regime has participated in the Yemen civil war, fighting on the side of the Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. Over 60.000 have died as a result of the fighting and more then 80.000 children died due to famine and a lack of food. Yemen’s economy has completely collapsed and with no food coming the people starve to death. All possible because of foreign intervention in Yemen!
The Yemeni Civil War began in 2015, a result of the inability of its ruling class to govern. Yemen was a right-wing dictatorship under Ali Abdullah Saleh. This tyrant was already leader of the Yemeni Arab Republic (North Yemen) from 1978 until 1990. After the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) fused with the north, Ali Abdullah Saleh remained supreme leader by ignoring the reunification pact he made with the southern Yemeni Socialist Party, who had ruled South Yemen!
Dictator Saleh was a supporter of U.S imperialism. This is why the USA never criticized him. He was welcomed by American presidents and seen as a typical Arab leader, who was friendly to the interests of the USA. By 1995, the Republic of Yemen started with austerity measures as demanded by the IMF. Ten years later the government wanted to abolish the subsidies on gas and oil. However massive protests of ordinary workers made sure that the government did not do that!
Ali Abdullah Saleh managed to stay in power by being reelected each time. These elections were manipulated to favor his political party: the General People’s Congress (GCP). This right-wing party was founded in 1982, to serve as the political vehicle of the president. Their main ideology is Arab-nationalism, which they never enforced as Saleh was far more interested in ruling unopposed in Yemen. The party ruled in a authoritarian way by suppressing anybody who stood against then. Former stalinists of the Yemeni Socialist Party used to rule in the south, but were marginalized in reunited Yemen by the GPC and Saleh!
In the 33 years that he was in power in both the north (since 1978) and the whole nation (since 1990), the dictator enriched himself with billions. Saleh’s net worth was estimated to be between 32 and 64 billion dollars stored in banks across the world, especially in Europe. The president was the richest man in the country, while 23% of the population was living in absolute poverty in 2011. With the collapse of the economy, state and infrastructure, absolute poverty has now increased to 75%!
On 27 January 2011, massive protests started against the dictator and his GPC. By March over 2.000 Yemeni’s were brutally murdered by security forces. As with other Arab doctors, Ali Abdullah Saleh refused to give up on 33 years of absolute power. It was not until April that Saleh understood that if he did not stepped down, a civil war would start between the army and protests. He choose the road of abdication and this prevented the civil war from starting in 2011. Vice president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi assumed the office of president and called for elections!
This Hadi used to serve the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen), until he fled to the north after failed power-struggle in the Stalinist state. In the north he joined the General People’s Congress and became a supporter of Saleh. For his loyalty, the dictator rewarded Hadi with the position of vice president in 1994, which he kept until April 2011. The opposition made the big mistake of trusting this former southern leader. They selected him as their candidate as did the GPC. This meant that the presidential election in February 2012 only had one candidate: Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi!
Newly elected president Hadi wanted massive reforms. Both the USA and Saudi-Arabia favored a decentralized federation of the country. However this would mean that most of the wealth would end up in the richest parts of the country, leaving the poorer ones with little wealth. Also America and Saudi-Arabia had interests of their own as they wanted Yemeni oil. The country’s main export product is crude oil, over 70% of its national income comes directly from the selling of oil!
President Hadi agreed with the decentralize federal plan, but the pro-Iranian Ansar Allah group was very much against it. The Ansar Allah or ”Supporters of God” are a Shia-Islamic organisation that started to operate illegally in the 90’s. They became an armed group in 2004 and grew massively in support among Shia-Muslims, who make up 43% of the total population. Hadi’s reforms failed to materialize. After two years of fruitless talks, Ansar Allah forces took control over the capital Sana, with support from those still loyal to former dictator Ali Abdullah Saleh. The former president had rejected the federal plan and made a pact with Ansar Allah!
The fall of Sana marked the start of the Yemeni Civil War. However unlike the Syrian Civil War, this war is not reported massively in the western media. Why is that? Maybe because Saudi-Arabia is using American/European weapons to wage a genocide. Also due to the blocking of borders, no food and medical supplies can enter the nation. This leaves Yemen with nothing to feed its population. Since 2015, over 80.000 children have died because of a lack of food and medicine. Saudi-Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are responsible for that. They are fighting a proxy war in Yemen, arming the pro-Hadi forces against Ansar Allah!
The General People’s Congress has split over the civil war. Elements loyal to Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi support him, while elements loyal to Ansar Allah support them. In the western media, the Shia-Islamic group is named: Houthi movement, named after Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi. This Shia-Islamist led Ansar Allah until he was killed in 2004. Revolutionary Socialist Media will however use the name ”Ansar Allah” as this remains the official name of the group!
Saudi Arabia and the UAE have send parts of their air forces to fight in Yemen. These western made fighters have bombed targets with no regard for human live. It is reported that many civilians have been killed by bombs from Saudi and UAE planes. Almost 13.000 civilians have died since the civil war began in 2015. A majority of these deaths are because of Saudi/UAE bombings. How cruel these deaths are, they are nothing compared to the 80.000 death children who did not have to die. Dying because of a lack of food and medicine is more then war, it is a genocide!
Saudi-Arabia and the United Arab Emirates know that Yemen is suffering due to their blockade. But they don’t care. The reactionary monarchs care little for human life as their murder of Jamal Khashoggi proofs. This is why the western media stays silent on the Yemeni Civil War. Because western allies are killing children and innocents with western bombs. If the west would know this, they might be outrage and protests. However this is not the case, the Syrian Civil War is given preferential treatment!
Jama’at Ansar al-Shari’a or Partisans of Sharia is a Islamist group in Yemen. They were founded in 2011 and call for a Islamic Emirate to be build. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Yemen Province is also active, but they are a minor force and do not make up the majority of Islamic fighters. This ”honor” is given to the Partisans of Sharia who have around 7.000 armed fighters. As of late 2018, the country that was the Republic of Yemen is now divided in four sections. The north-west is under control of the Supreme Political Council, the political wing of Ansar Allah and the pro-Shia wing of the General People’s Congress!
The area loyal to president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi is also split. Between them lies a part of Yemen that came under the control of the Southern Transitional Council. Formed in May 2017, this council is build around former supporters of the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen. Since 2009, the southern movement is fighting to restore the state that was South Yemen. They are separatists who rejected the rule of both Ali Abdullah Saleh and Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. In January 2018, the southern separatists drove forces loyal to Hadi out of the city of Aden. This forced president Hadi to flee to Saudi-Arabia were he is kept under house arrest!
For ex-dictator Saleh, the civil war ended his life. On 28 November 2017, the former leader abandoned his pact with Ansar Allah and a armed struggle broke out in the capital of Sana, between forces loyal to Saleh and those of Ansar Allah. The battle lasted for six days. It is unknown how many died, but we know that a sniper killed Ali Abdullah Saleh on 4 December 2017 as he tried to flee. After the death of their leader, the pro-Saleh troops fled the capital. Ansar Allah captured 700 of them and it is reported they were executed along with civilians loyal the former dictator. With the death of Saleh, his faction has been eliminated from the civil war!
It is ironic that the man who lasted for 33 years died at the hands of a sniper. Had he not broken his pact with the Shia-Muslims, Saleh might still be alive today. However their pact was tactical and there was friction since 2012. Both groups were suspicious of each other and sharing little ideological ground. Saleh was a more secular man, while Ansar Allah is Shia-Islamist and deeply anti-western, anti-secular and antisemitic!
With Ali Abdullah Saleh death and Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi under house arrest in Saudi-Arabia, the battlefield is commanded by new leaders. The Supreme Political Council (Ansar Allah & GPC) selected Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour to be their prime minister. This Habtour is a member of the General People’s Congress and a figure in Yemeni politics since 1995. Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar is the vice president and leader of the pro-Hadi government supported by Saudi-Arabia. The Southern Transitional Council selected major-general: Aidarus al-Zoubaidi to be their president. This military man used to support Hadi, until the southern movement split with his government and took control of Aden in early 2018!
The Islamic forces control some coastal towns, but they are a minor player in the civil war. As of late November 2018, Saudi-Arabia is the biggest ally of the Hadi government. With over 100.000 Saudi troops in Yemen, it is clear that crown prince Mohammed bin Salman is playing a big game. His intervention army is supplied by the USA, Great Britain, Canada, Spain, Brazil and Finland. Germany stopped selling arms after the murder of Jamal Khashoggi, which is a pure hypocritical move. Berlin did not care that 13.000 Yemeni civilians died because of their guns, but after one journalist is killed they suddenly stop selling arms?
Western imperialism does not care that their bombs and guns are responsible for death and destruction in Yemen. Saudi-Arabia is nothing win-out western money. Their armed forces is made up 100% western planes and western technology. Donald Trump sold over 100 billion dollars worth of weaponry to Saudi-Arabia. He knows that this absolute monarchy is a brutal dictatorship and famous for killing critics such as Jamal Khashoggi. But the far-right American president does not care. Trump is a capitalist, who loves profits above all!
The military industrial complex in the USA is a billion dollar industry, who’s capitalists belong to the 1%. In 2019, the military budget for the U.S Armed Forces will be 716 billion dollars. All this money is spend on planes, guns, ships and tanks meant to wage imperialist wars, not to protect the American people. The USA does not need an army of 1 million soldiers. It already has a population that is armed with guns. Why need a professional army when there are more guns then people in the ”land of the free and the home of the brave”?
Revolutionary socialists denounce all factions in the Yemeni Civil War. Neither the Hadi government nor the Supreme Political Council (Ansar Allah & GPC) can offer any alternative for the millions who suffer from hunger and diseases. Only a mass party on a socialist program can unite all workers no matter their religious background. Ansar Allah and Hadi are enforcing religious sectarianism and try to split people based on religion. The southern separatists play on false nostalgia for a Stalinist state, that was also unstable as fighting was common in the Yemeni Socialist Party!
- No to Saudi/UAE intervention in Yemen
- No to systematic hunger and suffering because of the Saudi blockade
- No trust in Ansar Allah or any faction of the General People’s Congress
- Stop the selling of weapons to Saudi-Arabia and the United Arab Emirates
- All foreign armies out of Yemen
- All power to democratic elected councils of workers and poor
- For a socialist Yemen as part of a socialist federation of the middle east